Hepatit E enfeksiyonuna yeniden dikkatleri çeken bir literatür; organ alıcılarında kronik enfeksiyonu önlemek için ribavirin tedavisini araştırmış.

Hepatit E enfeksiyonuna yeniden dikkatleri çeken bir literatür; organ alıcılarında kronik enfeksiyonu önlemek için ribavirin tedavisini araştırmış.

An Early Viral Response Predicts the Virological Response to Ribavirin in Hepatitis E Virus Organ Transplant Patients.

Kamar N1, Lhomme SAbravanel FCointault OEsposito LCardeau-Desangles IDel Bello ADörr GLavayssière LNogier MBGuitard JRibes DGoin AL,Broué PMetsu DSauné KRostaing LIzopet J.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ribavirin is efficient at treating chronic hepatitis E virus infection in solid-organ transplant patients. However, the early kinetics ofviral replication under therapy and the impact of immunosuppressant regimens on viral replication are unknown: thus, determining the aim of our study.

METHODS:

Thirty-five patients with a solid-organ transplant and chronic hepatitis E virus infection were given ribavirin for 3 months. The hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA concentrations were determined before treatment, at days 7, 15, and 21 and at months 1, 2, and 3 during therapy and after ribavirin cessation.

RESULTS:

A sustained virological response (SVR) occurred in 63%. Decreased viral concentration within the first week post-ribavirin therapy was an independent predictive factor for SVR, and a decreased HEV concentration of 0.5 log copies/mL or greater had an 88% positive predictive value. No correlation between ribavirin trough level on day 7 or at month 2 with a virological response or an SVR was observed. Before therapy, HEV RNA concentration was significantly greater in patients receiving mechanistic target of rapamycin inhibitor-based immunosuppression compared to patients given calcineurin inhibitors. The use of mycophenolic acid did not impact on the response to ribavirin.

CONCLUSION:

An early response to ribavirin can be used to define the optimal duration of therapy in the setting of HEV infection.